Theories of Realism

Most theories of realism emphasize the documentary aspects of film art. Movies are evaluated primarily in terms of how accurately they reflect external reality.

Formalist Film Theories

The formalist filmmaker exploits the limitations of the medium – its two dimensionality, its confining frame, its fragmented time-space, continuum – to produce a world that resembles the real world only in a superficial sense.

The Auteur Theory

In the mid-1950s, the French journal Cahier du cinema revolutionized film criticism with its concept of la politique des auteurs. This committed policy was put forth by pugnacious young critic Francois Truffaut.

Structuralism and Semiology

Ideology and Culture

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